What is Professional ethics
Professional ethics encompass the personal, organizational and corporate standards of behavior expected of professionals.
The term professionalism originally applied to vows of a religious order. By at least the year 1675, the term had seen secular application and was applied to the three learned professions: Divinity, Law, and Medical. The term professionalism was also used for the military profession around this same time.
Professionals ethics and those working in acknowledged professions, exercise specialist knowledge, and skill. How the use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public can be considered a moral issue and is termed professional ethics.
Professionals are capable of making judgments, applying their skills and reaching informed decisions in situations that the general public cannot because they have not attained the necessary knowledge and skills. One of the earliest examples of professional ethics is the Hippocratic oath to which medical doctors still adhere to this day.
Type of Professional ethics
Code of Professional Ethics
Elena is a project lead at a large corporation and is paid hourly one day, Elena’s boss tells her she needs to only charge a certain number of hours for completing some project tasks even though due to the complexity and creativity involved in producing the work oftentimes the tasks take longer Elena sees most of her co-workers complying with this direction.
So Elena only charges a certain number of hour-seven if it takes her longer to complete the tasks after a while Elena’s boss tells her that she needs to do an even larger amount of off-the-clock work, Elena refuses, Elena’s boss tells her that if she doesn’t comply with his demand he will report to their supervisor that she had made a mistake but Elena knew she didn’t make a mistake Elena thought long and hard she decided that her time was valuable and she had the right to be paid for her work.
Elena decided that she needed to tell her supervisor that her boss was telling her to work off the clock soon after Elena’s boss and supervisor discussed, Elena’s accusations Elena noticed that she was no longer selected to lead projects anymore and she wasn’t being assigned much work either when his boss reported that Elena had made a big mistake and Elena’s boss and supervisor said that if Elena didn’t stop making mistakes she couldn’t work there anymore but Elena knew she didn’t make a mistake.
Elena knew she had to do something Elena went to her HR representative and reported that she was being retaliated against then Elena’s supervisor an HR representative met with Elena and told her that they didn’t believe her that in fact she had made a mistake but Elena knew she didn’t make a mistake then Elena was fired but Elena knew he rights had been violated and Elena had kept careful records so Elena hired a lawyer and took her old boss supervisor and company to court the judged termined that Elena’s rights were violated and under the law Elena is entitled to equitable and just damages the judge issues a stern warning to Elena’s old boss supervisor and company to start following the law pay their employees and not to discriminate in the way they had against.
Elena ever again Catalina’s boss supervisor or HR representative followed the code of professional ethics would have been able to redirect the situation and perhaps could have avoided this whole predicament as for Elena with the damages paid from the lawsuit she went on with her life rather unaffectedly and got a job that was well.
Ethics for Legal Professionals
Formal ethical standards for lawyers and judges were originally promulgated by the American Bar Association in the model code of Professional Responsibility in 1983 the ABA switch edits endorsement of the model code as a general guide for ethical behave or to the Model Rules of Professional Conduct.
The Model Rules continue to be revised periodically responding to changing sensibilities and emerging issues the rules require that attorneys zealously protect and pursue a client’s interest within the boundaries of the rules while maintaining a professional and civil demeanor towards everyone involved in the legal process critics charged that the rules have replaced earlier ethical codes that expressed ethical norms based on a moral tradition with regulatory prohibitions section one of the rules is titled client-lawyer relationship.
This section offers rules that require an attorney to maintain a level of competence in his or her field and did not take cases that are beyond his or her expertise.
Section 2 offers rules concerning the lawyers role as a counsel
Section 3 covers these situations where an attorney is pursuing.
The client’s interest as an advocate another section of the model rules is titled transactions with persons other than clients in this section rules require the lawyer to maintain truthfulness in statements to others and not communicate with opposing parties except through their attorneys, other rules cover practices concerning presented persons and the rights of third persons the section on public service mandates that lawyers provide some pro bono free legal service and otherwise contribute to the legal community and society, in general, to help guide judges in their duties the model code of judicial conduct was developed by the ABA the four canons of the code are as follows a judge shall uphold impropriety a judge shall perform duties impartially judge so minimize.
The risk of conflict and a judge shall not engage in political or campaign activity that is inconsistent when judges are elected they must solicit campaign contributions there has been recent attention to the vast sums of money that have flowed to judicial campaigns in recent years one might expect that judges.
Who receive large campaign contributions from individuals or corporations would recuse themselves when these corporations have cases before the judge but that doesn’t always happen there’s a relationship between contribution and judicial decisions the more campaign contributions from a business and justice might receive the more likely the judge decides in favor of business litigants even in local races bias is introduced when local attorneys are the largest donors to judicial campaigns the model code of Professional Responsibility dictated that lawyers should be temperate and dignified and refrain from illegal and morally reprehensible conduct.